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Question: Discuss About The Perspective To Inform The Project Planning? Answer: Introduction In order to solidify the structure of the Canberra city, the Light Rail Transit project is referred to as one of the most important transport system that helps to offer huge number of opportunities to the passengers. The objective of the Light Rail Transit Project is to develop or extend the existing network for minimizing the traffic pressure from the traffic network. In tight and busy traffic schedule it is very much important to structure the traffic in such a manner so that the road could not be blocked (Capital Metro Agency 2014). The purpose of the project is to develop the preliminary design with conceptual design, detailed design and development criteria, system testing, evaluation, validation and optimization as well of Light rail transit project. It has been found that the existing LRT project network is not at all significant thus, in order to implement this particular transport in the significant places of Canberra city, it is necessary to develop the conceptual design details including its network and route as well. With the implementation of a smoother Light Rail transit project, the ordinary roadway of Canberra will be able to minimize the commotion and the obstruction as well. After analyzing the project details it is determined that, the transportation development committee of Canberra city is willing to cover a length of 12 Kim around the Canberra city. For connecting different commercial district, the Light Rail have is required to be developed. Preliminary design of the Light Rail Transit project Due to heavy traffic congestion in the large city of Canberra, Australia the development of Light Rail Transit (LRT), has become important to the network developers. From the private investment sector the project developers are willing to develop the Light Rails Project for Canberra city. In order to ensure that the project is successful certain components those have been considered include rapid prototyping, mind mapping and addition of advanced technologies (Catthoor et al. 2013). A life cycle cost of the project is also estimated for implementing the project. The additional components those have been considered for this project include maintenance cost, experiences, collected historical data, and project details for the construction. However, the Canberra project lacks to collect historical information those are helpful for the development of the system and its related decision making approaches. In order to support the feasibility study life cycle costing system is required to be developed by the project manager and the development committee (Chandler 2015). Based on the structure, scale, factors and construction methods the economic evaluations of the systems are also done. Figure 1: Proposed Route of the Light Rail Network (Source: Hensher 2016, pp-290) The other factors that influence the entire project structure include bridges, tunnels. Additionally, an algorithm for analyzing the LCC, are also found to be enough efficient from the project improvement approach. This particular project has been undertaken by a private business authority thus a private company had analyzed the economic details of the project (Hensher 2016). The business success is completely dependent on proper cost estimation and the derived life cycle cost. The preliminary design details associated to the project are bridge LCC, Highway management and development and bridge life cycle cost analysis. Detailed design and development In order to utilize the data for developing the new network of the Light Rail, it is necessary for the project developers to analyze proper programming details of the project. The National Institute of Science and Technology has undertaken the responsibility of developing the building and fire research laboratory office for the applied economics (Mulley, Tsai and Ma 2015). For this particular project the Bridge Life cycle cost analysis, is done considering the traditional process and method developed by the transportation research centre. Not only this but also, for evaluating the system a simulation software rather simulation software named as PLM simulation tool. With the help of this particular tool the developers will be able to test the direction and route details of the light rail project. For the highway development and management a financial support has been gained from the private external resources (Ho, Hensher and Mulley 2015). This particular program is referred to as a tool which could analyze the details of the project investment and all other economic perspectives as well. Both the pre design and post design construction details are demonstrated in this paper. The different factors those have been used to calculate the life cycle cost for the pre design stage include roadbed, civil work, bridge, tunnel and station. The civil workers are responsible for the developing the general ground and soft ground. On the other hand, the bridge development factors include over bridge, genera ground, soft ground (Martin 2014). In order to extend the light rail network from the exiting connectors mountainous tunnel and metropolitan tunnel are also developed. In many rural locations also the stations for stoppages are also considered. Before the final implementation of the project in the primary phase the steps those have been considered for project include the real discount rate, expected period for the construction and the expected period for the maintenance of the new route for the Light Rail Transit (Burke and Currie 2013). For this particular project the identified two different phases are pre design phase and post design phase. The Light Rail Transit structure specifications Bridgee Types Substructure Specification Steel box Girder Bridge Steel plate girder bridge IPC Girder bridge RC Slab Bridge WS PSC beam Bridge Wall type pier T type pier Torchlight type pier Length of the bridge Width of the bridge The construction cost at the project initiation phase Tunnel Type Specification ASSM NATM The expansion of the tunnel The diameter of the tunnel Project initial cost Civil structure Specification The general ground Primary construction cost Soft ground Building Specification The general ground Primary construction cost Soft ground General and metropolitan From the specification of the system the general requirement those have been undertaken include the following: System components Requirements Computer and processors Processor (500MHz or may be faster than that) Memory 256MB RAM (or more than that) Hard disk 10 MB while the total framework 2.0 is not installed, proper capacity of the disk (300 MB or 620 MB) Display The monitor resolution must have a monitor resolution of 1024X768 (better can be accepted) An operating system Microsoft XP, Windows server 2003, Other components .Net framework 2.0 is needed to be installed for the development and implementation in the real world application. Total estimated cost for the Light Rail Transit project Components Estimated cost ($) Light Rail Portion 145.90 Million Widening the freeway 79.60 Million Total cost 225.50 Million Finance Estimation ($) Transfer of funding based on interest 182.3 Million Urban mass transportation 8.9 Million For developing signaling 5.0 Million Tunnel and bridge 11.8 Million For the construction of line 17.5 Million Total value 225.5 Million Allocated dollar for the different segments Estimation ($) Other technical requirements 5.7 Million For the steel bridge construction 4.7 Million For street improvement and maintenance 3.0 Million Development of the freeway 23.2 Million The construction details associated to the LRT project are as follows: Types Application (length) The condition applied PSC BEAM 22.00 m-25.6 m On standard section LPC GIRDER 30.00m 35.7 m On standard section On the section needed under bridge height and double span PPC GIRDER 20.00 m 36.00m On standard section On the section needed under bridge height and double span U-GIRDER 31.00m 37.00m Standards section PF BEAM 30.00m- 35.00 m Under the height of the bridge and a double span RPF BEAM 30.00m 35.00m Under the height of the bridge and a double span In order to implement the LRT project successfully it is necessary for the system developers to consider each aspect professionally. The two different phases considered for the project development are pre design phase and the post design phase (Mysydney.nsw.gov.au 2016). The deck is consists of both general and urban areas. The parameters associated to the project implementation are construction estimation, line route selection. The post design approach of the construction project includes both the construction as well as maintenance cost. In case of the bridge development, the detail design of the bridge is needed to be entered to the database system so that on the time of implementation the information could be deployed successfully. The factors used in the LRT pre design phase are as follows: Deck Orbit Building Electric power supply Signaling Communication Streetcar lining System test, evaluation and optimization Before the implementation of the Light Rail Transit project in Canberra City, Australia the existing design of the project should be developed ensuring the efficiency and safe movement of the cyclists and that must be completely accommodated as well (Burke and Currie 2013). In order to find out the way for the passengers, through determining the type and optimum direction level placements direction signage and maps are developed. Before the real world implementation of the project it is necessary for the project developer to use PLM simulation software (Mulley, Tsaiand Ma 2015). With the help of this particular software the newly extended direction of the light rail could be tested properly and even if any addition changes required then those could also be brought into the system. Evaluation Comfortable ride should be offered to the consumers of the Light rail passengers A minimum level of noise with proper control over the vibration is required The motor used in the light rail helps to minimize the noise and vibration (Burke and Currie 2013) PLM simulation software is used by the project managers and project sponsors to manage the dynamic energy and the speed of the Light Rail Transit project Validation and optimization For the validation and optimization of the system the parameters those have been considered are as follows: Professional participation of the community group from Canberra city is required for those who will take part in the operational purposes without any kind of dedicated parking facility (Mysydney.nsw.gov.au 2016). Each testing domain associated to the project are required to be tested properly by the volunteers In the highly demanding parking areas this project extension is required to be done The metropolitan parking infrastructure development Additionally, quality raw materials are required for the development and implementation of the project (Capital Metro Agency 2014) Before the selection of the newly extended network or channel it is necessary for the project developers to consider the pilot programming and street network management framework For avoiding the rate of road accidents signal on proper locations are also developed. For the development of the project in the real world in certain location tunnels and bridges of proper diameter and width are needed to be developed by the project manager (Chandler 2015) The cost estimation should be done by the project sponsors and project managers to validate the project details with economic support and financial stability as well. Conclusion From the overall discussion it can be concluded that in order to complete the project successfully with appropriate launch plan, resource plan and long term plan as well it is necessary for the project developers to consider a detail conceptual design of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) project including system testing, evaluation and development as well. Not only this but also the project demonstrated the validation and optimization of the project. The conceptual network designed for the Canberra Light Rail Transit project has successfully integrated the transport of Australia. The busy traffic issues facing by the Australian city has been partly resolved with the implementation of the advanced Light Rail Transit project. It has been defined that many operation level profits are also associated to this system such as the motor used for the system is free of noise and as the rail runs through electricity thus, the transport is eco-friendly and pollution free. 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