Monday, May 25, 2020
Empathy in To Kill A Mockingbird Empathy is the theme which connects the reader with the characters in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird; the experiences of the characters in this novel show us the significance of empathy as a theme. Harper Lee writes about the experiences which Scout and Jem undergo in learning to be empathetic, while Atticus and Tom Robinson are two of the key characters who, at the time of the novel already possessed the ability to be empathetic. Atticus is the character who displays the most empathy towards others in the novel, and he is a primary example of the importance of this theme in the novel. Harper Lee writes about empathy mainly through Atticus and his ability to feel empathetic to others even in a situationÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦307, 308. We can truly observe the maturing and the obtaining of new knowledge in Scout as a character while she begins learning about empathy Empathy is a recurring theme that is represented in the learning experiences of Jem. For example, when Jem sees Scout hurting Walter Cunningham, he takes a real look at Walter and realises that he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help being in the condition he is in and he deserves to be treated better. Ã¢â¬Å"Walter looked as if he had been raised on fish foodÃ¢â¬ ¦ he fingered the straps if his overalls, nervously picking at the metal hooks.Ã¢â¬ pg. 25. One small gesture can communicate to the reader the true influence of empathy. One small gesture that Tom Robinson made was immediately questioned by the majority of the court room; being a black man in a white society, he was supposedly in no situation to feel sorry for Mayella who is a white woman. He does not know much about her situation, but he has the ability to understand where she is coming from and see that she deserves help. Ã¢â¬Å"Looked like she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have nobody to help herÃ¢â¬ ¦ yes suh. I felt right sorry for her.Ã¢â¬ Pg. 217. To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel which deals with many themes; the most dominant of these is empathy, as it is crucial in the relationships between characters as well as in their learning experiences. The way Scout finally learns how to use empathy to see things from Boo RadleyÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view was very moving to the reader, and the reader canShow MoreRelatedEmpathy in To Kill a Mockingbird1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the novel Ã¢â¬ËTo Kill A MockingbirdÃ¢â¬â¢ by Harper Lee, learning to Ã¢â¬Å"walk about in someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s skinÃ¢â¬ is a main theme, particularly as two of the main protagonists Jem and Scout learn to do this as they grow up throughout the book along with the reader. Atticus, the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s father, educates the children on how to treat and comprehend other people. As Jem and Scout grow older in the novel, they begin to understand this lesson and act upon it both knowingly and sub-consciously. Scout empathises withRead MoreEssay On Empathy In To Kill A Mockingbird1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSmall town America is a fantasy of friendly neighbors and lovely lives. To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in a small town and is nothing close to the fantasy of friendly neighbors and lovely lives. In a town of rape, racism, and prejudice, the reader watches who falls and who thrives in a small town on the brink of collapse. To Kill a Mockingbird, a coming of age fiction, was written by Harper Lee and published on July 11, 1960. This novel follows two siblings, Jem and Scout, throughout their mostRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Empathy Analysis1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"You never really understand a person until you consider things from their point of view-until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.Ã¢â¬ (p.30) The novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee includes a plethora of essential themes that make one think deeply. The story takes place in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s when segregation tensions were high. The narrative is told through the eyes of a young girl, Jean Louise (Scout) Finch. ScoutÃ¢â¬â¢s father, Atticus is a lawyer fighting a case for an African American man namedRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Empathy Analysis1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTo Kill A Mockingbird Joni Smith Grade 9 One of the most important themes in this powerful text is that of empathy and understanding. Maycomb, as is shown in the text, is a society that is clearly split through class, race and numerous other distinctions. In such an environment of inequality, Atticus teaches his children the importance and value of empathy, and of trying to see the world through the eyes of other people. In the novel Ã¢â¬Å"To Kill A MockingbirdÃ¢â¬ by Harper Lee, learning to Ã¢â¬Å"walk aboutRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Empathy Analysis863 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Human interaction is important in todays society. It allows each of the species to communicate and share what they feel. But, wny for people struggle with the concept of empathy? To Kill A Mockingbird is a great example of the struggles of empathy. People struggle with empathy because they have different experiences. Characters who show this are Scout, Mayella, and Aunt Alexandra. Scout is a child who is playful and curious. Since she is still young, Scout doesnt have a lot of experienceRead MoreEssay On Empathy In To Kill A Mockingbird871 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout the course of To Kill a Mockingbird, the siblings Jem and Scout torment a man named Boo Radley because they think that he is a malevolent ghost. Boo still loves them like a father would and keeps them under a watchful eye even though they treat him like a caged animal. Jem and Scout do not realize this and continue to torment him. The relationship between Boo and Jem changes in the middle of the book, when Boo gives them gifts, Jem realizes what he has done and learns that Boo is a personRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Empathy Essay1115 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn the novel Ã¢â¬Å"To Kill a MockingbirdÃ¢â¬ is about a man the south named Atticus who demonstrates empathy. As time goes on there are a lot of problems that create Atticus as a character. The story takes place in the 1930Ã¢â¬ â¢s which is during the Great Depression, when the people in Maycomb have a hard time making money so they pay them with ever they got. Atticus has two children Jem and Scout.Atticus is trying to teach them a lesson. Lee uses the character of Atticus Finch to teach the reader the importanceRead MoreEmpathy and Social Change in To Kill a Mockingbird, Milk, and Guess WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s Coming to Dinner1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEmpathy and Social Change in To Kill a Mockingbird, Milk, and Guess WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s Coming to Dinner Empathy: Ã¢â¬Å"The action of understanding, being aware of, being sensitive to, and vicariously experiencing the feelings, thoughts, and experience of another of either the past or present without having the feelings, thoughts, and experiences fully communicated in an objectively explicit mannerÃ¢â¬ (according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary). When we think of socialRead MoreAnalysis Of Kill A Mockingbird By Har per Lee1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesrRealistic fFiction novels because it helps the reader understand what the author is trying to convey. In this novel with the title To Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee used that to her own advantage;, the techniques in this book were very clear to the eye and it helped the reader more to understand the part that they were reading. In the book To Kill A Mockingbird the story is about a little girl named Scout who lives in the south in a little town called Maycomb, Alabama and during the Great DepressionRead MoreSympathy Of A Mockingbird By Harper Lee926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbecause you know what it is like to have those feelings. This understanding of how someone feels is empathy which among other things is the main idea in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Empathy is shown greatly in To kill a Mockingbird whether it be a person feeling for another person or a simply a person towards an insect. The best and most obvious example of empathy in To Kill a Mockingbird is that of scout towards Boo Radley. In the book scout says, Ã¢â¬Å"Atticus was right. One time he said you
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Dan Tamulonis Mrs. Munn English 11H 28 November 2011 Nora, the Aristotelian Tragic Hero Along with many great theories, Aristotle left the world with his own set of guidelines to defining the tragic hero. Many protagonists have been put through his test and been placed as tragic heroes or just heroes, but where they truly belong is up for debate. In A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, by Henrik Ibsen, many characters could be put through the rigors of an examination based on AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s qualifications. According to Aristotle, Nora Helmer, the playÃ¢â¬â¢s protagonist, is a tragic hero, because her character traits are perfect examples of what contributes to a tragic hero. As defined by Aristotle, a tragic hero must be of noble stature and radiate greatness.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Linde then brags about how successful her life has been so far and then distances their lives by stating that she has three children, when earlier it was revealed that Mrs. Linde has none. This rudeness is a major flaw in NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s make up as a character . Her vainness is definitely her tragic flaw because it eventually leads to Krogstad blackmailing her, which becomes worse when Torvald finds out. She wants to go to Italy so she takes out a loan from Krogstad without thinking about the consequences. Her incapability to look at the picture leads to unpleasant events in the future. According to Aristotle, the tragic hero must suffer misfortune due to their tragic flaw. Nora is does not differ from this aspect. Instead, she is insulted to the highest degree by Torvald. When he hears about the actions Nora has taken behind his back he is furious. Not just because it was done behind his back, but because it looks bad in the view of public. In TorvaldsÃ¢â¬â¢ eyes, this is the worst that could happen. As a result, he tries to make her feel isolated, Ã¢â¬Å"But I shall not allow you to bring up the children; I dare not / trust them to youÃ¢â¬ (III, 72). The degree of misfortune that falls upon Nora is almost unimaginable. To threaten a wife with the separation from her kids is something that should never be done. Nothing calls for this harsh of a punishment. Nora does not deserve this, but it teaches her that this is not the life for her. It brings about anShow MoreRelatedA Dolls House As A Tragic Hero Analysis967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA tragic hero is defined as a person Ã¢â¬Å"who has achieved, or who has the ability to achieve greatness but who through a weakness, or tragic flaw in his character, falls into the depths of misery and often to his deathÃ¢â¬ (Ingham 1). Within Oedipus Rex, Sophocles laid the foundation for what is now considered the ideal tragic hero. Within A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, Ibsen creates a modern hero in Nora Helmer; a woman who was oppressed for going against social rules for saving her husband. Nora follows the AristotelianRead MoreHenrik Ibsen s A Doll s House899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgave birth to modernism in theatre, Norwegian playwright and theatre director Henrik Ibsen pushed bo undaries with his plays that analyzed and criticized societal norms and values. A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House provides one such example, where the playÃ¢â¬â¢s protagonist Nora leaves her husband in the final scene to undertake a spiritual journey of self-discovery. An alternative ending was made for this play posthumously as a result of the controversy it caused at the time. Written towards the latter half of IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s career
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The feeling of walking down a seemingly endless tunnel of shadows is overwhelming for a vast amount of people. The tunnel is as dark as the blackest part of night, and those individuals cannot see a shining light that represents a hopeful end to their troubles. Some experience an inability to recover from hardship or stress in their lives, while others may have a lack of self-confidence or sense of purpose. These are the people who have the hardest time seeing that light at the end of the tunnel and might do just about anything to find a way out. Nearly every individual going through a hormonal change can understand the raging war that is taking place between the characters and their inner demons in Ellen HopkinsÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Impulse. AnÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦According to Ã¢â¬Å"Suicidal Tendencies: When Kids See Death As an Answer (Part I),Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Nationwide, boys are much more likely than girls to use guns or explosives in suicide attempts,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"T here are at least 100 attempts for every suicide among youths, researchers say, much higher than the estimated four attempts per suicide among adultsÃ¢â¬ (Nazario). There are many other teenage males in the United States who are experiencing the same issues Conner faced, including the requirement for success and what they feel to be a lack of affection from parental figures. The frightening fact is most of these boys have the same access to a deadly weapon similar to the one Conner used. In Impulse, Tony is the character who has experienced the harshest past. He is a homosexual male who grew up in a house with an abusive stepfather. The day he overdosed on pills in an attempt to kill himself, giving others around him a reason to bring him to the doorsteps of Aspen Springs. Even though he has been through drug addictions, life on the streets, and six years in juvenile detention, he has become possibly the most enduring character in the story. Tony gradually opens up both soc ially and emotionally as his time in the psychiatric hospital continues. By the time he is ready to leave and return to a lifestyle that is not quite normal, although much more promising than his life prior to Aspen Springs, he is
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Perspective To Inform The Project Planning? Answer: Introduction In order to solidify the structure of the Canberra city, the Light Rail Transit project is referred to as one of the most important transport system that helps to offer huge number of opportunities to the passengers. The objective of the Light Rail Transit Project is to develop or extend the existing network for minimizing the traffic pressure from the traffic network. In tight and busy traffic schedule it is very much important to structure the traffic in such a manner so that the road could not be blocked (Capital Metro Agency 2014). The purpose of the project is to develop the preliminary design with conceptual design, detailed design and development criteria, system testing, evaluation, validation and optimization as well of Light rail transit project. It has been found that the existing LRT project network is not at all significant thus, in order to implement this particular transport in the significant places of Canberra city, it is necessary to develop the conceptual design details including its network and route as well. With the implementation of a smoother Light Rail transit project, the ordinary roadway of Canberra will be able to minimize the commotion and the obstruction as well. After analyzing the project details it is determined that, the transportation development committee of Canberra city is willing to cover a length of 12 Kim around the Canberra city. For connecting different commercial district, the Light Rail have is required to be developed. Preliminary design of the Light Rail Transit project Due to heavy traffic congestion in the large city of Canberra, Australia the development of Light Rail Transit (LRT), has become important to the network developers. From the private investment sector the project developers are willing to develop the Light Rails Project for Canberra city. In order to ensure that the project is successful certain components those have been considered include rapid prototyping, mind mapping and addition of advanced technologies (Catthoor et al. 2013). A life cycle cost of the project is also estimated for implementing the project. The additional components those have been considered for this project include maintenance cost, experiences, collected historical data, and project details for the construction. However, the Canberra project lacks to collect historical information those are helpful for the development of the system and its related decision making approaches. In order to support the feasibility study life cycle costing system is required to be developed by the project manager and the development committee (Chandler 2015). Based on the structure, scale, factors and construction methods the economic evaluations of the systems are also done. Figure 1: Proposed Route of the Light Rail Network (Source: Hensher 2016, pp-290) The other factors that influence the entire project structure include bridges, tunnels. Additionally, an algorithm for analyzing the LCC, are also found to be enough efficient from the project improvement approach. This particular project has been undertaken by a private business authority thus a private company had analyzed the economic details of the project (Hensher 2016). The business success is completely dependent on proper cost estimation and the derived life cycle cost. The preliminary design details associated to the project are bridge LCC, Highway management and development and bridge life cycle cost analysis. Detailed design and development In order to utilize the data for developing the new network of the Light Rail, it is necessary for the project developers to analyze proper programming details of the project. The National Institute of Science and Technology has undertaken the responsibility of developing the building and fire research laboratory office for the applied economics (Mulley, Tsai and Ma 2015). For this particular project the Bridge Life cycle cost analysis, is done considering the traditional process and method developed by the transportation research centre. Not only this but also, for evaluating the system a simulation software rather simulation software named as PLM simulation tool. With the help of this particular tool the developers will be able to test the direction and route details of the light rail project. For the highway development and management a financial support has been gained from the private external resources (Ho, Hensher and Mulley 2015). This particular program is referred to as a tool which could analyze the details of the project investment and all other economic perspectives as well. Both the pre design and post design construction details are demonstrated in this paper. The different factors those have been used to calculate the life cycle cost for the pre design stage include roadbed, civil work, bridge, tunnel and station. The civil workers are responsible for the developing the general ground and soft ground. On the other hand, the bridge development factors include over bridge, genera ground, soft ground (Martin 2014). In order to extend the light rail network from the exiting connectors mountainous tunnel and metropolitan tunnel are also developed. In many rural locations also the stations for stoppages are also considered. Before the final implementation of the project in the primary phase the steps those have been considered for project include the real discount rate, expected period for the construction and the expected period for the maintenance of the new route for the Light Rail Transit (Burke and Currie 2013). For this particular project the identified two different phases are pre design phase and post design phase. The Light Rail Transit structure specifications Bridgee Types Substructure Specification Steel box Girder Bridge Steel plate girder bridge IPC Girder bridge RC Slab Bridge WS PSC beam Bridge Wall type pier T type pier Torchlight type pier Length of the bridge Width of the bridge The construction cost at the project initiation phase Tunnel Type Specification ASSM NATM The expansion of the tunnel The diameter of the tunnel Project initial cost Civil structure Specification The general ground Primary construction cost Soft ground Building Specification The general ground Primary construction cost Soft ground General and metropolitan From the specification of the system the general requirement those have been undertaken include the following: System components Requirements Computer and processors Processor (500MHz or may be faster than that) Memory 256MB RAM (or more than that) Hard disk 10 MB while the total framework 2.0 is not installed, proper capacity of the disk (300 MB or 620 MB) Display The monitor resolution must have a monitor resolution of 1024X768 (better can be accepted) An operating system Microsoft XP, Windows server 2003, Other components .Net framework 2.0 is needed to be installed for the development and implementation in the real world application. Total estimated cost for the Light Rail Transit project Components Estimated cost ($) Light Rail Portion 145.90 Million Widening the freeway 79.60 Million Total cost 225.50 Million Finance Estimation ($) Transfer of funding based on interest 182.3 Million Urban mass transportation 8.9 Million For developing signaling 5.0 Million Tunnel and bridge 11.8 Million For the construction of line 17.5 Million Total value 225.5 Million Allocated dollar for the different segments Estimation ($) Other technical requirements 5.7 Million For the steel bridge construction 4.7 Million For street improvement and maintenance 3.0 Million Development of the freeway 23.2 Million The construction details associated to the LRT project are as follows: Types Application (length) The condition applied PSC BEAM 22.00 m-25.6 m On standard section LPC GIRDER 30.00m 35.7 m On standard section On the section needed under bridge height and double span PPC GIRDER 20.00 m 36.00m On standard section On the section needed under bridge height and double span U-GIRDER 31.00m 37.00m Standards section PF BEAM 30.00m- 35.00 m Under the height of the bridge and a double span RPF BEAM 30.00m 35.00m Under the height of the bridge and a double span In order to implement the LRT project successfully it is necessary for the system developers to consider each aspect professionally. The two different phases considered for the project development are pre design phase and the post design phase (Mysydney.nsw.gov.au 2016). The deck is consists of both general and urban areas. The parameters associated to the project implementation are construction estimation, line route selection. The post design approach of the construction project includes both the construction as well as maintenance cost. In case of the bridge development, the detail design of the bridge is needed to be entered to the database system so that on the time of implementation the information could be deployed successfully. The factors used in the LRT pre design phase are as follows: Deck Orbit Building Electric power supply Signaling Communication Streetcar lining System test, evaluation and optimization Before the implementation of the Light Rail Transit project in Canberra City, Australia the existing design of the project should be developed ensuring the efficiency and safe movement of the cyclists and that must be completely accommodated as well (Burke and Currie 2013). In order to find out the way for the passengers, through determining the type and optimum direction level placements direction signage and maps are developed. Before the real world implementation of the project it is necessary for the project developer to use PLM simulation software (Mulley, Tsaiand Ma 2015). With the help of this particular software the newly extended direction of the light rail could be tested properly and even if any addition changes required then those could also be brought into the system. Evaluation Comfortable ride should be offered to the consumers of the Light rail passengers A minimum level of noise with proper control over the vibration is required The motor used in the light rail helps to minimize the noise and vibration (Burke and Currie 2013) PLM simulation software is used by the project managers and project sponsors to manage the dynamic energy and the speed of the Light Rail Transit project Validation and optimization For the validation and optimization of the system the parameters those have been considered are as follows: Professional participation of the community group from Canberra city is required for those who will take part in the operational purposes without any kind of dedicated parking facility (Mysydney.nsw.gov.au 2016). Each testing domain associated to the project are required to be tested properly by the volunteers In the highly demanding parking areas this project extension is required to be done The metropolitan parking infrastructure development Additionally, quality raw materials are required for the development and implementation of the project (Capital Metro Agency 2014) Before the selection of the newly extended network or channel it is necessary for the project developers to consider the pilot programming and street network management framework For avoiding the rate of road accidents signal on proper locations are also developed. For the development of the project in the real world in certain location tunnels and bridges of proper diameter and width are needed to be developed by the project manager (Chandler 2015) The cost estimation should be done by the project sponsors and project managers to validate the project details with economic support and financial stability as well. Conclusion From the overall discussion it can be concluded that in order to complete the project successfully with appropriate launch plan, resource plan and long term plan as well it is necessary for the project developers to consider a detail conceptual design of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) project including system testing, evaluation and development as well. Not only this but also the project demonstrated the validation and optimization of the project. The conceptual network designed for the Canberra Light Rail Transit project has successfully integrated the transport of Australia. The busy traffic issues facing by the Australian city has been partly resolved with the implementation of the advanced Light Rail Transit project. It has been defined that many operation level profits are also associated to this system such as the motor used for the system is free of noise and as the rail runs through electricity thus, the transport is eco-friendly and pollution free. The speeds of the Light Rail s are around 70 to 80 km/Hour. Though, the communication channel is very much beneficial but still due to higher cost the development committee is facing different financial issues. References Burke, M. and Currie, G., 2013. Light rail in Australia-Performance and prospects. Capital Metro Agency. 2014. 1st ed. [pdf] Canberra: Capital Metro Full Business Case, pp.12-35. Available at: https://www.tccs.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/887680/Light-rail-Capital-Metro-Business-Case-In-Full.pdf [Accessed 21 Aug. 2016]. Catthoor, F., Wuytack, S., de Greef, G.E., Banica, F., Nachtergaele, L. and Vandecappelle, A., 2013.Custom memory management methodology: Exploration of memory organisation for embedded multimedia system design. Springer Science and Business Media. Chandler, B., 2015. Australia award for urban design presentations in Melbourne.Planning News,41(9), p.6. Currie, G. and Burke, M., 2013, October. Light rail in Australiaperformance and prospects. InAustralasian Transport Research Forum, Brisbane, Australia. Dobes, L. and Leung, J., 2015. Wider economic impacts in transport infrastructure cost-benefit analysis-A bridge too far?.Agenda: A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform,22(1), p.75. Douglas, N. and O'Keeffe, B., 2016, November. Wider Economic BenefitsWhen and if they should be used in evaluation of transport projects. InAustralasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF), 38th, 2016, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Downs, C., Cassels, B. and Ericksen, J., 2014. Case study of rail design on Gold Coast Light Rail.CORE 2014: Rail Transport For A Vital Economy, p.76. Hensher, D., Mulley, C. and Rose, J., 2016. Preferences for BRT and light rail.Restructuring Public Transport Through Bus Rapid Transit: An International and Interdisciplinary Perspective, p.209. Hensher, D.A., 2016. Why is Light Rail Starting to Dominate Bus Rapid Transit Yet Again?.Transport Reviews,36(3), pp.289-292. Hensher, D.A., Ho, C. and Mulley, C., 2015. Identifying resident preferences for bus-based and rail-based investments as a complementary buy in perspective to inform project planning prioritisation.Journal of Transport Geography,46, pp.1-9. Ho, C., Hensher, D.A. and Mulley, C., 2015. Identifying resident preferences for bus-based and rail-based investments as a complementary buy in perspective to inform project planning prioritisation.Journal of Transport Geography,46, pp.1-9. Love, P.E., Ahiaga-Dagbui, D., Welde, M. and Odeck, J., 2017. Light rail transit cost performance: Opportunities for future-proofing.Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice,100, pp.27-39. MacKenzie, A., Muminovic, M., Williamson, G., Davey, R. and Lernihan, V., 2015, December. Passing the Community Test-A co-benefits approach to evaluating the case for light rail in Canberra, Australia. InState of Australian Cities National Conference, 2015, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Martin, S., 2014. Moving beyond cost: Evaluating LRT and BRT options for Australian and New Zealand cities.CORE 2014: Rail Transport For A Vital Economy, p.178. Miller, N., 2014. The impact of a new light rail network upon walkability in a central business district. Miller, N., 2014. The impact of a new light rail network upon walkability in a central business district. Mulley, C., Tsai, C.H.P. and Ma, L., 2015, September. Does residential property price benefit from light rail in Sydney?. InAustralasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF), 37th, 2015, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Mysydney.nsw.gov.au. (2012). Sydneys Light Rail Future: Expanding public transport, revitalising our city. [online] Available at: https://mysydney.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/user-files/uploads/light-rail-future-web.pdf [Accessed 20 Aug. 2016]. Newman, P., Kenworthy, J. and Glazebrook, G., 2013. Peak car use and the rise of global rail: why this is happening and what it means for large and small cities.Journal of Transportation Technologies,3.
Wednesday, April 8, 2020
The strategic training of employees in the health care organization is a priority. The research focuses on the reasons for the training of the health care employees. The study includes the different ways of training the employees to prioritize the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ benefits. The cost-effective strategic training of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees should ensure evident dominance of the health care organization market segment.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on The strategic training of employees in healthcare organization specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The culture of the health care organization influences its ability to manage the employees. Likewise, health care management emphasizes all employees must implement a patient-based work attitude. Peter Ginter (2006) emphasized the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ prioritizing of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s needs over the needs of the employees ensures a competitive adv antage. The healthcare organization would have an edge over the competitors in the same health care market segment. The clients would prefer to return to health care health care organization that pamper and prioritize the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ needs. For example, the Baptist Hospital in Pensacola, Florida, created its vision to be the best health care organization in the United States. The chief executive officer revised the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s organizational culture to achieve the challenging vision. Griffin Hospital in Derby, Connecticut engaged in the clients-based health care organization strategy successfully. The patient satisfaction of the health care organization services had soured to almost 98 percent. In addition, the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢ client-based culture translated to having more meaningful employees. The employees felt happy being an important part of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s health-recovery program. Consequently, the employee turnover ratio had favorably dropped. T he Derby hospital created a strong selling employee-based point that edged out the competitors in the community. Management focused on enhancing employee teamwork. Each of the employees had been retrained in the art of health care servicing. The employees were taught to use teamwork in their aim to prioritize the clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ health care needs. The employees were persuaded to contribute their share for the entire health care organization team to succeed. The teamwork-based retraining of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees is grounded on consensus. Consequently, each employee contributed his or her share to the success of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s health care program. Each employee is normally proud to go out of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s way to give excellent health care services to both the inpatient and outpatient clients.Advertising Looking for term paper on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The employees are persuaded to cooperate as well as coordinate with the other health care workers for the quicker recovery of the patients. However, the patients are taught that hastening the recovery of the patients must not result to lesser quality health care services. For example, the medical technologists must reduce the time needed to come up with the medical exam results. The medical exam results include the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ blood type, stool exam, urine exam, and other related exams. The health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s nutritionist generates a report of the diverse food needs of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s patients. Likewise, the nurse spends more quality time beside each patient. Quality time does not mean the quantity of time spent. Rather, quality time means the quality of each time used on each time period spent with the inpatient and outpatient health care organization clients. The health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees are trained to implement human value s within the entityÃ¢â¬â¢s premises. To ensure success, the health care organization pampers its health care employees. However, the pampering of the employees must be within allowable cost containment limits. The health care organization is like any other organization; it needs revenues to pay for the cost of running a health care facility. The health care employees are given an above average salary in order to ensure loyalty. Loyalty translates to a reduction in the number of employees resigning from the health care organization. Loyalty includes giving more than 100 percent of the health care employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ quality services. Loyalty entails observing the employees showing their loyalty by pampering the patients with above-industry services (Blum, 1996). Further, the organization must hire employees who are loyal to the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals and objective. Study conducted showed that absenteeism translates to poor work output in the health care setting. A st udy conducted at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center outpatient clinic indicated there is an inverse correlation between a health care workerÃ¢â¬â¢s sick leaves and work output. However, employees having red flags of continuous Monday absences and Friday absences result to poor health care organization work output. Management must strive to resolve the absenteeism issue to increase the workersÃ¢â¬â¢ overall performance results.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on The strategic training of employees in healthcare organization specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Employees who refuse to comply with the entityÃ¢â¬â¢s client-based work priorities must be removed from the organization. The employees who refuse to decrease their lackluster service quality during their stay in the health care organization must be retrenched. The employees showing unabated laziness in the performance of their health care organization duty shall be unceremoniously. The employees who refuse to comply with other client-based policies of the health care organization shall be dismissed from the health care organization (Libet, 2001). James Johnson (1995) proposed the health care organization should train the employees to adhere to the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s total quality management. Total quality management is grounded on patient-centered culture. The company must hire the new employees based on their capacity to tow the line or obey the current and prospective policies and procedures of the organization. The right employees shall be those who help in the organizations creation of value through patient health care activities. The leaders must impose on the employees that the organizational culture must be implemented at all times, without exception. Mary Richardson (1999) theorized the leaders of the health care organization must be examples of organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture. The leaders implement a variet y of value enhancing strategies. The leaders, including shift supervisors, shall show loyalty to the company. The same leaders must show a patient-centered health care work attitude. The leaders must be accessible to the subordinates for advice or help. The leaders serve as guides for the current and future subordinates in terms of complying with all patient-centered health care responsibilities. The leaders must confront and even reprimand each subordinate who violates the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s patient-based health care procedures. The leaders must focus on determining if the health care procedures are being done with an eagerness to help, not an eagerness to finish the job. Consequently, most of the patients can easily see if the nurse or other health care professional love their job or simply going through the motions of health care services without any concern for the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ present health condition.Advertising Looking for term paper on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The leader must immediate move to stop a nurse or other health care organization worker who refuses to change oneÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior to what is expected of them. The leaders must also monitor each employee to ensure no one steps out of line. There are times when the nurse is too busy. Such times tempt the nurse or other health care professional to violate the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s work benchmarks. The leader will roam the shift in order to deter the subordinates from thinking of violating any health care organization policies and procedures. The health care organization must focus on its employees aiming for health care awards. The SSM Health care is sponsored by the Franciscan Sisters of Mary in St. Louise, Missouri. The SSM health care organization is one of the biggest Catholic health care delivery systems in the United States. It has a huge 4,500 inpatient health care bed capacity. The same SSM Health care enjoined its employees to strive to do their best in their dut y to bring back the patients to their prior fully recovered health status. Consequently, the SSM Health care won the prestigious Malcolm Baldrige Quality Award in the area of health care organization. The said award is offered to organizations that excel the best quality service in separate categories. The said SSM Health careÃ¢â¬â¢s aim is to work for excellence in all facets of the health care organization. Excellence, in the SSM Health care tradition, is focused on striving to improve whatever has been improved. Improvement is a continuous process. Further, the secret to SSM Health careÃ¢â¬â¢s winning the prestigious Malcolm Baldrige Award can be divided into four areas. First, the SSM Health care organization set up a framework for analysis, decision, making, and action. The setup resulted to the entityÃ¢â¬â¢s focusing on the more important areas for improvement. The SSM Health care organization sets up a set of criteria to determine the prioritization of activities. Next, the SSM Health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders draw up several alternatives to resolve each employee- related and patient-related case. Taking into consideration all the alternatives, SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management chooses and implements the chosen recommendations for implementation. The implementation is classified as the action plan. Second, SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management instructs its employees to do their share to accomplishing the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s mission. The management designs and implements its patient-based mission by taking all inputs from the affected employees. The employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ inputs include their opinions, suggestions, recommendations, and complaints. The integration of the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ inputs is a good management strategy. The patients will be more than willing to comply with managementÃ¢â¬â¢s mission strategies if their inputs are included in the crafting of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s mission statement. Some of the employees may be resistant to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s instructions to implement its mission statement if their inputs were not asked. One good reason is that the mission statement may be too high for the employees to implement. The employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ inputs are necessary in order for health care organization to realize that the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ inputs are needed to make the mission statement more realistic. Third, the SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management impress on its employees that it is the results that counts most. The setting of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s goals will serve as a guide for the employees to pursue. However, the actual outcome of the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ outputs will translate to the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ performance grade. Each employee is made accountable for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s individual actions. The action accountability includes oneÃ¢â¬â¢s compliance with the overall team performance. This means that the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s performance is a failure if each t employee Ã¢â¬â¢s teamÃ¢â¬â¢s overall performance score is a failure. The purpose is to ensure that everyone in the team cooperates with the other members of the team. Team scoring is grounded on the theory of synergy. Under the synergy theory, one employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s output plus anther employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s output is equal to more than two personÃ¢â¬â¢s outputs. This means that the team effort is more important compared to the performance of each team memberÃ¢â¬â¢s performance. Going back to the organizational goal issue, the accomplishment of organizational goal is grounded on the synergy contributed by each member of the team. The goal is significantly influenced by the capacity of each employee to contribute their optimum share to the achievement of the organizational goal. In the case of SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management, the health care organization implements different goals for different activities. The management ensures that all activities can geared towards accompl ishment of the preset goals and objectives. After each activity, the SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management compares the actual health care organization output against the preset benchmarks. The SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management adjusts the benchmarks in relation to the actual health care organization output. For example, management will increase its periodic goals or benchmarks if the goals are easily reached. However, SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management will lower the prior periodÃ¢â¬â¢s benchmark or goal if the employees find it very difficult to comply with the prior periodÃ¢â¬â¢s goals, benchmarks, and objectives. The goal setting and achieving is very important to both health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management and the affected health care employees. Both management and the employees will feel proud when they reach the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s benchmarks, goals, or objectives. On the other hand, both management and the emplo yees will be disheartened when the actual work performances do not reach the established benchmarks, goals and objectives. Fourth, the SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management implements a dedicated leadership stance. The employees are welcomed by all leaders of the health care organization. The employees can approach their supervisors, managers, and other higher ranking officers. The employees are encouraged by management to voice their complaints, suggestions, recommendations, and other inputs. Management impresses on the employees that their inputs are very important to the overall health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s continued leadership in the health care organization market segment. Management immediately acts on the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ inputs. The employees are happy with the current management-employee relationship. In return, the employees feel they are a much-needed part of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s success. The employees contribute by placing the patientÃ¢â ¬â¢s interest over the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ own individual interests. Because of managementÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards their employees, the employees do not have second thoughts on transferring to other health care organizations. Because of the employees loyalty and dedication to the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s policies, procedures, goals, benchmarks, and objectives, there is lower management restructuring. Further, the success of the SSM health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s managementÃ¢â¬â¢s employee strategy influences the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ eagerness to excel in all their assigned health care tasks. Both management and employees contribute to the streamlining of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s overall health care activities. The employees contribute to the streamlining in terms of faster issuances of mammogram results, allowing the patients a round the clock visiting privilege, as well as approving the inpatientÃ¢â¬â¢s ordering meals from outside the hospital any time of the day or night. Such patient- pampering activities are grounded on the organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ stance to give the patients full allowable control of the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ life while recuperating inside the health care organization. However, the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ control is limited by the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s policies. Thus, the patients cannot violate any of the entityÃ¢â¬â¢s policies. Furthermore, the organization pampers the employees. Normally, a pampered employee will return the favor to management. Offering the employees above-average salary will persuade the employees to work more quality hours. The offer of other benefits like paid leaves will encourage the employees to stay with the health care organization longer. Offering better working conditions will convince the employees to spend more hours beside the patient and lesser time idling around in the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s nursesÃ¢â¬â¢ station reading newspapers or pocket books. Management takes care of its health care organization employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ welfare to increase employee loyalty. A study had been conducted on the health care needs of the National Health Services employees. The management of many health care organizations includes the caring for the health of its employees. The caring part includes giving affordable salaries and benefits to the employees. However, management must have enough cash inflows to pay for the budgeted employee salaries and other benefits. A study was conducted on 2,300 health care workers generated a 44 percent response. The findings of the research indicated that most of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s management persuades their employees to have a healthy lifestyle. Consequently, a majority of the health workers are physically healthy. In addition, a majority of the health care organization employees surveyed were focused on improving their current health care status. In addition, a majority of the surveyed health care organization employees do not smoke. Likewise, it is normal for the health care organization employees to drink intoxicating liquor or drinks within the recommended levels. Further, most of the health care organization employees exercise to keep themselves healthy. The managers or leaders of the health care organization were very instrumental in persuading their employees to prioritize having a healthy body so the can continue in the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to aid in the recuperation of its inpatient and outpatient clients (Jinks, 2003). Primarily, management must base their employee benefits on their resources. Basically, all businesses are engaged for a profit. The health care organization sets up its operations to generate cash inflows. Cash inflows are generated from selling its health care services. The patients pay for the services offered by the health care organization. Consequently, an increase in the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s patients translates to an increase in the compa nyÃ¢â¬â¢s cash inflows. An increase in the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s cash inflows precipitates to an increase in the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity to increase the health care employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ salaries and wages. The health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s services include all physical exam services. The physical exam services include mammograms. The services also include blood pressure monitoring. Other health care services include X ray of different patient body parts. Likewise, the health care services focus medical advices. The heart doctor offers medical advices and prescribes medicines for the recovery of the heart patient. The diabetes doctor offers medical advice and recommends medicines to be taken to relieve the symptoms and to help in the recuperation of the diabetes patient. The surgeon is hired by the health care organization to help in the surgery of its patients. The surgeon also offers advice and dictates the medicine intake schedule of the surgery patient. The revenues are needed to pay for the salary and other benefits of the health care organization patients (Besley, 2008). However, the hospital administration should not exceed its budget. The health care organization must achieve its bottom line. All organizations are required to achieve their bottom line in order to avoid bankruptcy. The bottom line occurs when the company, especially the health care organization, generates net profits. A net profit occurs when the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢ total revenues exceed the total expenses of running the daily operations of the business. The employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ salaries and other benefits are included in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s total expenses. An increase in the salaries and benefits precipitates to a decrease in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s net profit figure. If necessary, it is very evident that the health care organization must retrench its employees to order to achieve a bottom line financial status (Brigham, 2001). Based on the above discussion , the strategic training of employees in the health care organization is of prime importance. There are several reasons for the training of the health care employees. Some of the reasons include prioritizing filling the needs of the health care organization patients. Another reason is ensuring employee loyalty to the health care organization. Another reason is to ensure employees prioritize achievement of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals, benchmarks, and objectives with flying colors. The organization must ensure that its employee salaries and benefits are not significant enough to remove the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s necessary bottom line financial status. Indeed, the cost-effective strategic training of the health care organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees should ensure significant dominance of the health care organization market segment. References Besley, S. (2008). Essentials of Managerial Finance. New York: Cengage Press. Blum, T. (1996). Workplace Characteristics and Health Care Cost Containment Practices. Journal of Management, 22, 675-701. Brigham, E. (2001). Fundamentals of Financial Management. London: Harcourt Press. Ginter, P. (2006). Strategic Management of Health Care Organizations. New York: J. Wiley Sons. Jinks, A. (2003). A Survey of the Health Care Needs of Hospital Staff: Implications for the Health Care Managers. Journal of Nursing Management, 11, 343-350. Johnson, J. (1995). Total Quality Management as a Health Care Corporate Strategy.Ã International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 8, 23-28. Libet, J. (2001). Absenteeism and Productivity Among Mental Health Employees.Ã Administration and Productivity Among Mental Health Employees, 29, 41-50. Richardson, M. (1999). Contemporary Organizational Strategies for Enhancing Value in Health Care. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 12, 183 -189. 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Monday, March 9, 2020
Position on Cloning essays According to the American Heritage Dictionary, cloning is to make multiple identical copies of a DNA sequence, to reproduce or propagate asexually. A clone is a group of genetically identical cells descended from a single common ancestor, such as a bacterial colony whose members arose from a single original cell as a result of binary fission. The process of cloning has challenged every mind in the world. Is it right to make a human being from the cells of another? In this paper I plan to discuss the ethical, moral, religious, and humorous views on cloning. I was a little confused on how a clone is made, so I will also discuss that. Are we playing God by believing that we have the right to manipulate nature in such a manner that we are actually bringing new lives into the world? At the conclusion of my paper I hope that you will be able to make an educated decision about your views on cloning. It all started when Ian made a lamb. Ian Wilmut removed an udder cell from a 6-year-old Finn Dorset ewe and reproduced the cell within the means of the law. He placed one of the resulting udder cells in a bath of chemicals, forcing it into suspended animation. This step ensured that the cells deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) would keep working after the transplant. An immature egg cell was removed from a second sheep, this one a Scottish blackface ewe. A needle was used to take out the eggs nucleus, where DNA is stored. The egg cell and the udder cell were placed next to each other and then given a jolt of electricity, causing them to fuse. The electricity also prompted the fused cell to start dividing, forming an embryo. After six days, the embryo was transferred to the womb of yet another Scottish blackface ewe. Five months later, in July 1996, a Finn Dorset named Dolly, undoubtedly now the worlds best-known sheep, was born. (Herbert, Wray et al) The recent successful cloning of an adult sheep,...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Facilities Management - Good Business Turns Risk into Opportunity - Case Study Example The competition in the market place is such that ill-conceived facilities can render any business a non-starter. In particular, waste management of Fitness First Gym Center, if not properly exercised, could spell trouble for the gym if not quickly set right. The waste management in Fitness First Gym Center includes internal and external factors. The internal factors have bearing on the management of space, exercise equipment, number of trainees and their instructors and the management of time that goes along with the utility of space and equipment. The external factors are those that influence the output of the gym without which it cannot provide integral services like the panel of consultant doctors and contract services for the maintenance of the equipment (Facilities Management Introduction).Ã Combining the internal and external sources, the gym must actualize its space usage with the strength of its members. Vigilant management will ensure that members using their premises and equipment do so regularly, keep tabs on non-regular members for follow up, and reduce the impact of non-regulars on their space and equipment. It is difficult to bring waste management to zero. It can tolerate waste management of say, five percent. Occasionally, it can even take waste management of ten percent. Anything more than ten percent must be swiftly dealt with a policy of encouragement for better attendance. Ultimately, the system must aim for zero waste management. Waste management for the gym is extremely precarious and must be framed with enough sensitivity to allow members to understand the gymÃ¢â¬â¢s stand.Ã Ã